Located east of Rome the town of Subiaco derives the name from the majestic villa of emperor Nero which was built at the intersection of few artificial lakes and from which are still visible the ruins. Religiously Subiaco became famous for his Benedictine Monasteries. Saint Benedict, in fact, decided to live in contemplation of God and retired in a cave above the Aniene river, and the grotto became the cradle of the Benedictine Order. In the 12C was built a sanctuary monastery above the grotto of the Saint called Sacro Speco which afterward was embellished by wall paintings of the Magister Consolus first, the school of Siena and the school of Umbria after. The Monastery today is an highly scenic architectural complex as was built on different levels in the rock face of the mountain and shows inside a complicated labyrinth of rooms, small churches, chapels few of which carved in the rock, narrow corridors and larger churches with the walls covered by precious decoration of wall paintings of different periods. Among the works inside the portrait of Saint Francis is the only representation of the poor of Assisi.
Founded by the Etruscan, an old Mediterranean civilization, was one of the 12 cities of Etruria and home of two of the seven king of Rome: Tarquinius Priscus and Tarquinius Superbus. In war with Rome several times was conclusively submitted and became a roman city around the third century BC. An element of exceptional interest is given by the Necropolises with is large number of Barrows tombs with chambers rich of wall paintings. Those funereal chambers modeled to the style of their residences, have wall paintings with magic-religious scenes representing funereal banquets, dancers and flute players, landscapes, jugglers depicted with intense and bright colors. Now days Tarquinia preserves her medieval aspect with towers, walls and churches.
Located north of Rome is an old Etruscan city known with the name of Caere and is famous for the necropolis which encompass over 1,000 tombs housed in characteristic mounds which is the largest in the Mediterranean area. The city of the dead were projected as architectural complex with the a long sequence of tombs regularly aligned along the sepulchral ways. The inside of the tombs is a representation of the house of the defunct with a corridor to access the various rooms where there is an accurate reproduction of all the everyday objects.